Sustaining an injury can be a challenging and life-altering experience. The road to recovery may seem daunting, especially when it comes to returning to work. Occupational therapists (OTs) play a crucial role in helping individuals successfully transition back into the workplace after an injury. In this blog post, we will discuss five practical tips, grounded in occupational therapy principles, to support individuals as they navigate the return-to-work process.

  1. Develop a Gradual Return-to-Work Plan

The first step in returning to work after an injury is to create a gradual return-to-work plan. This plan should outline your goals, timeframes, and necessary accommodations to ensure a smooth transition back into the workplace. To create an effective plan:

a. Collaborate with your healthcare team: Your OT, physician, and other healthcare professionals should work together to assess your current abilities and limitations. They can provide recommendations on when and how you should return to work, as well as any necessary workplace accommodations.

b. Communicate with your employer: Open communication with your employer is essential to developing a successful return-to-work plan. Discuss your limitations and any accommodations you may require, such as modified hours, adjusted responsibilities, or ergonomic adjustments.

c. Set realistic goals: Establish achievable goals for your return to work. These goals should take into account your physical, cognitive, and emotional abilities and should be reviewed and adjusted as necessary throughout the process.

  1. Prioritize Self-Care and Stress Management

Returning to work after an injury can be physically and emotionally taxing. Prioritizing self-care and stress management is crucial to maintaining your overall well-being and preventing burnout. Consider the following self-care strategies:

a. Engage in regular physical activity: Gentle exercise, such as walking or swimming, can help maintain physical fitness and boost mental well-being.

b. Practice relaxation techniques: Deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, or mindfulness meditation can help reduce stress and anxiety.

c. Get adequate rest: Ensure you get enough sleep and take breaks throughout the day to rest and recharge.

d. Seek emotional support: Reach out to friends, family, or support groups to discuss your experiences and feelings during the return-to-work process.

  1. Utilize Adaptive Equipment and Assistive Technology

Adaptive equipment and assistive technology can make a significant difference in your ability to perform job tasks safely and efficiently. Consult with your OT to determine which tools or devices might be most beneficial for your specific needs. Examples include:

a. Ergonomic office equipment: Ergonomic chairs, keyboards, and mouse devices can help reduce physical strain and discomfort while working.

b. Voice recognition software: If typing is difficult due to your injury, consider using voice recognition software to dictate emails, documents, or reports.

c. Mobility aids: Canes, walkers, or wheelchairs can assist with mobility and reduce fatigue during the workday.

  1. Advocate for Workplace Accommodations

Workplace accommodations are changes to the work environment or job tasks that enable individuals with disabilities or injuries to perform their job duties effectively. Examples of workplace accommodations include:

a. Modified work hours: A reduced or flexible work schedule can help ease the transition back to work and prevent overexertion.

b. Task modifications: Adjusting job tasks or responsibilities can help accommodate any physical or cognitive limitations.

c. Environmental adjustments: Modifications to the work environment, such as installing ramps or providing a quiet space for rest breaks, can improve accessibility and comfort.

It is important to be proactive in advocating for accommodations that will support your return to work. Open communication with your employer and collaborating with your OT can help ensure that your needs are addressed.

  1. Monitor Your Progress and Adjust as Needed

Returning to work after an injury is an ongoing process that requires continuous evaluation and adaptation. It is crucial to monitor your progress and make adjustments as needed to ensure a successful transition. Consider the following:

a. Regularly assess your abilities: Check in with yourself and your healthcare team to evaluate your progress and determine if any changes are necessary to your return-to-work plan. This may involve adjusting your hours, tasks, or accommodations based on your current abilities and limitations.

b. Track your progress: Keep a journal or log of your daily work activities, successes, and challenges. This can help you identify areas for improvement and celebrate your achievements.

c. Be open to feedback: Seek input from your employer, colleagues, and healthcare team on your performance and any areas that may require additional support or adjustment.

d. Stay adaptable: Be prepared to make changes to your plan as your recovery progresses. This may involve gradually increasing your workload, incorporating new tasks, or phasing out accommodations as your abilities improve.


Navigating the return-to-work process after an injury or illness can be a complex and challenging journey. However, by following these five tips and working closely with your occupational therapist and healthcare team, you can successfully transition back into the workplace and regain a sense of purpose, accomplishment, and satisfaction in your career. Remember to be patient with yourself, prioritize self-care, and embrace the support of those around you as you work towards regaining your independence and confidence in the workplace.